More often than not, people pay too much attention to their hair and very little to their scalp. This is because it’s hidden under their hair and unless the symptoms become severe, people tend to ignore common scalp problems. The scalp conditions can range from a modest dry flaky scalp to really serious ones. Let us see the four common scalp problems that often trouble people.
- Dandruff: This is the most common problem that majority of the population experiences, at some point in time. It is nothing but the excessive build-up of dead skin that keeps flaking and shedding from the scalp. This might lead to itching or redness in some people. Other than being annoying, it is nothing that can be contagious, harmful or dangerous. Using some anti-dandruff shampoo mostly solves the problem but if it persists you should consult a physician.
- Dry Scalp: This happens mostly in dry winter weather when your scalp feels tight and completely dry with some tiny little white flakes. The same can also happen due to sunburn and hence it is always advised to cover your head when going out in sun. Make use of dry-scalp specific shampoos and always have a head bath with warm to cool water. Using hot water promotes dry flaking and hence should not be used. Similarly, care should be taken while styling your hair and minimal heat settings should be used.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis: This looks like dandruff, but is accompanied by greater itching and redness but in such cases, you need to consult the specialist in some good hair clinic like Capilia. They can suggest the right remedies like medicated shampoos and will educate you how to do a scalp massage etc.
- Psoriasis: This is a type of skin infection that can happen in any part of the skin including the scalp. Here a patient feels very itchy and dry and often there is a lot of pain. The scalp patches get raised and thick with dry silvery-pinkish scales of dead skin. The dermatologist treats it with various lotions and creams and also gives oral medication. If things turn very advanced then even phototherapy is advised. In this, a special type of light is used to treat the patch.
While it is fine to try home remedies for few days, if the problem persists it is always advisable to consult the doctor.